Flow Visualization Experiments on Secondary Flow Patterns in an Isothermally Heated Curved Pipe

[+] Author and Article Information
K. C. Cheng, F. P. Yuen

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

J. Heat Transfer 109(1), 55-61 (Feb 01, 1987) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3248067 History: Received November 01, 1985; Online October 20, 2009


Secondary flow patterns at the exit of a 180 deg bend (tube inside diameter d = 1.99 cm, radius of curvature R c = 10.85 cm) are presented to illustrate the combined effects of centrifugal and buoyancy forces in hydrodynamically and thermally developing entrance region of an isothermally heated curved pipe with both parabolic and turbulent entrance velocity profiles. Three cases of upward, horizontal, and downward-curved pipe flows are studied for constant wall temperatures T w =55–91°C, Dean number range K=22–1209 and ReRa=1.00×106 –8.86×107 . The flow visualization was realized by the smoke injection method. The secondary flow patterns shown are useful for future comparison with numerical predictions and confirming theoretical models. The results can be used to assess qualitatively the limit of the applicability of the existing correlation equations for laminar forced convection in isothermally heated curved pipes without buoyancy effects.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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