Buoyancy Effects on Forced Convection Heat Transfer in the Transition Regime of a Horizontal Boundary Layer Heated From Below

[+] Author and Article Information
K. C. Cheng, T. Obata, R. R. Gilpin

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G8

J. Heat Transfer 110(3), 596-603 (Aug 01, 1988) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3250534 History: Received April 18, 1986; Online October 20, 2009


Convective instability and buoyancy effects on forced convection heat transfer in horizontal boundary layers heated from below by a constant temperature plate are studied experimentally for flow regimes with Rex = 2.5×104 ∼ 2.2×106 and Grx = 2×108 ∼ 1.5×1012 . Heat transfer results obtained by heat flux gages and temperature measurements are studied using convective instability parameters, Grx /Rex 1.5 for laminar flow and Grx /Rex 2.7 for turbulent flow, with emphasis on flow in the transition regime. Buoyancy effects on heat transfer are also studied by comparison with predictions from the Pohlhausen solution and the von Kármán analogy. Convective instability data, velocity and temperature profiles, and flow visualization photographs (obtained by the hydrogen bubble method) and the wall temperature field (obtained by liquid crystal visualization) are presented. Flow visualization photographs reveal the spanwise periodic vortical motion, and the fluctuating velocity and temperature fields near the wall.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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