Similarity Analysis of Condensing Flow in a Fluid-Driven Fracture

[+] Author and Article Information
S. K. Griffiths

Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94550

R. H. Nilson

S-CUBED, A Division of Maxwell Laboratories, Inc., La Jolla, CA 92038

J. Heat Transfer 110(3), 754-762 (Aug 01, 1988) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3250556 History: Received January 12, 1987; Online October 20, 2009


Similarity solutions are derived for some fundamental problems of condensing flow in a hydraulically driven fracture. The governing equations describe one-dimensional homogeneous turbulent flow along a wedge-shaped hydraulic fracture in an elastic medium. The instantaneous fracture speed is determined as an analytical function of fracture length, material properties, process parameters, and a single eigenvalue, which is calculated by solving a system of ordinary differential equations for the variation of pressure, energy, velocity, and opening displacement along the fracture. Results are presented for abrupt condensation of a pure substance and for gradual condensation of air/water mixtures. The rate of condensation is controlled by the rate of heat transfer to the fracture wall, which depends upon a single dimensionless parameter. For small and large values of this parameter the present multiphase solutions are in agreement with previous solutions for single-phase flows of vapors and liquids. Although most of the results are presented in dimensionless form, some numerical examples are given for steam-driven fractures emanating from the cavity resulting from an underground nuclear explosion.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In