Heat Transfer During Melting and Solidification of Metals

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Viskanta

Heat Transfer Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Heat Transfer 110(4b), 1205-1219 (Nov 01, 1988) (15 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3250621 History: Received February 22, 1988; Online October 20, 2009


Recent advances in the understanding of melting and solidification heat transfer in metals and alloys are discussed. Since heat transfer is generally the rate-determining process, the emphasis in the paper is on fundamental heat transfer processes during solid–liquid phase transformation and comparison between mathematical-numerical model predictions with experimental data. After a brief discussion of theoretical considerations, unidirectional and multidirectional melting and solidification processes are reviewed. The important role played by buoyancy-driven fluid flow is discussed and problem areas needing research attention are identified.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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