RESEARCH PAPERS: Forced Convection

Turbulence Dissipation in a Free-Surface Jet of Water and Its Effect on Local Impingement Heat Transfer From a Heated Surface: Part 1—Flow Structure

[+] Author and Article Information
D. H. Wolf, R. Viskanta, F. P. Incropera

Heat Transfer Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Heat Transfer 117(1), 85-94 (Feb 01, 1995) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2822327 History: Received July 01, 1993; Revised February 01, 1994; Online December 05, 2007


This study investigates the relationship between jet turbulence and local impingement heat transfer for a free-surface, planar jet of water. Employing a thermal anemometer system, measurements of the mean velocity and turbulence intensity are reported at different streamwise and spanwise locations throughout the jet. The flow conditions at the nozzle discharge were controlled by using different nozzle designs (parallel-plate and converging) and flow manipulators (wire grid and screens). Measurements of the velocity gradient along the impingement surface, known to influence heat transfer from analytical considerations of a laminar impinging jet, were also made for the same sets of nozzle conditions. The test matrix also included variations in the Reynolds number (23,000 and 46,000) and distance from the nozzle discharge to the surface (0 to 30 nozzle widths). The local heat transfer results corresponding to the flow structure measurements are reported in Part 2 of this paper.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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