RESEARCH PAPERS: Forced Convection

Turbulence Dissipation in a Free-Surface Jet of Water and Its Effect on Local Impingement Heat Transfer From a Heated Surface: Part 2—Local Heat Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
D. H. Wolf, R. Viskanta, F. P. Incropera

Heat Transfer Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Heat Transfer 117(1), 95-103 (Feb 01, 1995) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2822330 History: Received July 01, 1993; Revised February 01, 1994; Online December 05, 2007


This paper presents local heat transfer data for a planar, free-surface jet of water impinging normal on a uniformly heated surface. The hydrodynamic conditions of the jet were altered through the use of different nozzle types (parallel-plate and converging) and flow manipulators (wire grid and screens) to investigate the relationship between jet turbulence and local impingement heat transfer. The flow structures for each of the various nozzle conditions are reported in a companion paper (Wolf et al., 1995), and results are used in this paper to interpret their effect on local heat transfer. In addition to qualitative interpretations, correlations are developed for both the onset of transition to turbulence and the dimensionless convection coefficient at the stagnation point. Higher levels of jet turbulence are shown to induce transition to a turbulent boundary layer at smaller streamwise distances from the stagnation point. The effect of stream-wise turbulence intensity on the convection coefficient is shown to scale approximately as the one-quarter power.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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