RESEARCH PAPERS: Melting and Solidification

The Effect of Turbulence on Solidification of a Binary Metal Alloy With Electromagnetic Stirring

[+] Author and Article Information
P. J. Prescott

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

F. P. Incropera

Heat Transfer Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Heat Transfer 117(3), 716-724 (Aug 01, 1995) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2822635 History: Received July 01, 1994; Revised December 01, 1994; Online December 05, 2007


Electromagnetic induction is considered as a means of altering convection during the solidification of a Pb–19 wt pct Sn alloy. Application of a time-varying magnetic field induces Lorentz forces, which augment thermal buoyancy forces in the melt and oppose solutal buoyancy forces in the mushy zone. A continuum model for binary solid–liquid phase change is extended to account for turbulence, and laminar and turbulent flow predictions are contrasted. Results indicate that turbulence decreases the propensity for channel development and macrosegregation by enhancing mixing and reducing the effective Lewis number from 8600 to near unity.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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