RESEARCH PAPERS: Forced Convection

Confined and Submerged Liquid Jet Impingement Heat Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
S. V. Garimella, R. A. Rice

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee, P.O. Box 784, Milwaukee, WI 53201

J. Heat Transfer 117(4), 871-877 (Nov 01, 1995) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836304 History: Received December 01, 1994; Revised June 01, 1995; Online January 23, 2008


The local heat transfer from a small heat source to a normally impinging, axisymmetric, and submerged liquid jet, in confined and unconfined configurations, was experimentally investigated. A single jet of FC-77 issuing from a round nozzle impinged onto a square foil heater, which dissipated a constant heat flux. The nozzle and the heat source were both mounted in large round plates to ensure axisymmetric radial outflow of the spent fluid. The local surface temperature of the heat source was measured at different radial locations (r/d) from the center of the jet in fine increments. Results for the local heat transfer coefficient distribution at the heat source are presented as functions of nozzle diameter (0.79 ≤ d ≤ 6.35 mm), Reynolds number (4000 to 23,000), and nozzle-to-heat source spacing (1 ≤ Z/d ≤ 14). Secondary peaks in the local heat transfer observed at r/d ≈ 2 were more pronounced at the smaller (confined) spacings and larger nozzle diameters for a given Reynolds number, and shifted radially outward from the stagnation point as the spacing increased. The secondary-peak magnitude increased with Reynolds number, and was higher than the stagnation value in some instances. Correlations are proposed for the stagnation and average Nusselt numbers as functions of these parameters.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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