RESEARCH PAPERS: Forced Convection

Low Dean Number Convective Heat Transfer in Helical Ducts of Rectangular Cross Section

[+] Author and Article Information
D. L. Thomson, Y. Bayazitoglu, A. J. Meade

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Material Science, Rice University, P.O. Box 1892, MS 321, Houston, TX 77251-1892

J. Heat Transfer 120(1), 84-91 (Feb 01, 1998) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2830069 History: Received June 17, 1996; Revised November 13, 1997; Online January 07, 2008


Flow in a torroidal duct is characterized by increased convective heat transfer and friction compared to a straight duct of the same cross section. In this paper the importance of the nonplanarity (torsion) of a helical duct with rectangular cross section is investigated. A previously determined low Dean number velocity solution is used in the decoupled energy equation for the hydrodynamically fully developed, thermally developing case. Torsion, known to increase the friction factor, is found to cause a decrease in the fully developed Nusselt number compared to pure torroidal flow. Therefore, it is recommended that torsion be minimized to enhance heat transfer.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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