RESEARCH PAPERS: Properties and Property Measurements

Temperature-Dependent Absorptances of Ceramics for Nd:YAG and CO2 Laser Processing Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. Zhang, M. F. Modest

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

J. Heat Transfer 120(2), 322-327 (May 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2824250 History: Received November 12, 1996; Revised January 23, 1998; Online December 05, 2007


The absorptance of a material at the laser wavelength and as a function of temperature, ranging from room temperature to the removal point, significantly affects the efficiency of the laser machining process. A priori predictions of a laser machining process, using either simplistic or sophisticated models, require knowledge of the material’s absorptance behavior. An experimental apparatus for such measurements is described. The device consists of a specimen mounted inside an integrating sphere, heated rapidly by a CO2 or a Nd:YAG laser. Reflectances are measured with a small focused probe laser (Nd:YAG or CO2 ), while specimen surface temperatures are recorded by a high-speed pyrometer. Experimental results have been obtained for wavelengths of 1.06 μm (Nd:YAG) and 10.6 μm (CO2 ) for graphite, alumina, hot-pressed silicon nitride, sintered α-silicon carbide, as well as two continous-fiber ceramic matrix composites (SiC-based). Data are presented for temperatures between room temperature and the ablation/decomposition points.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In