RESEARCH PAPERS: Natural and Mixed Convection

Enhanced Heat Transfer Rate Measured for Natural Convection in Liquid Gallium in a Cubical Enclosure Under a Static Magnetic Field

[+] Author and Article Information
Toshio Tagawa, Hiroyuki Ozoe

Institute of Advanced Material Study, Kyushu University, Kasuga 816, Japan

J. Heat Transfer 120(4), 1027-1032 (Nov 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2825886 History: Received October 16, 1997; Revised May 20, 1998; Online December 05, 2007


The heat transfer rate of natural convection in liquid gallium in a cubical enclosure was measured experimentally under an external magnetic field applied horizontally and parallel to the vertical heated wall and the opposing cooled wall and the opposing cooled wall of the enclosure. One vertical wall was heated with an electric heater and the opposing wall was cooled isothermally with running water. Experiments were conducted in the range of modified Rayleigh number from 1.85 × 106 to 4.76 × 106 and of Hartmann number from 0 to 573. The average Nusselt number was measured and found to increase when a moderate magnetic field was applied, but to decrease under a stronger magnetic field. This result means that the heat transfer rate has a maximum value at a certain moderate magnetic field, which supports our previous numerical analyses.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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