Clouds Over Soot Evaporation: Errors in Modeling Laser-Induced Incandescence of Soot

[+] Author and Article Information
G. J. Smallwood, D. R. Snelling, F. Liu, Ö. L. Gülder

Combustion Research Group, Institute for Chemical Process & Environmental Technology, National Research Council Canada, 1200 Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0R6

J. Heat Transfer 123(4), 814-818 (Apr 03, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1370507 History: Received April 03, 2000; Received December 07, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Eckbreth,  A. C., 1977, “Effects of Laser-Modulated Particulate Incandescence on Raman Scattering Diagnostics,” J. Appl. Phys., 48, pp. 4473–4479.
Melton,  L. A., 1984, “Soot Diagnostics Based on Laser Heating,” Appl. Opt., 23, pp. 2201–2208.
Dasch, C. J., 1984, “New Soot Diagnostics in Flames Based on Laser Vaporization of Soot,” Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 1231–1237.
Tait, N. P., and Greenhalgh, D. A., 1993, “PLIF Imaging of Fuel Fraction in Practical Devices and LII Imaging of Soot,” Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft fuer Physikalische Chemie, 97 , pp. 1619–1625.
Hofeldt, D. L., 1993, “Real-Time Soot Concentration Measurement Technique for Engine Exhaust Streams,” Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE Paper No. 930079.
Mewes,  B., and Seitzman,  J. M., 1997, “Soot Volume Fraction and Particle Size Measurements with Laser-Induced Incandescence,” Appl. Opt. 36, pp. 709–717.
Snelling, D. R., Smallwood, G. J., Campbell, I. G., Medlock, J. E., and Gülder, Ö. L., 1997, “Development and Application of Laser-Induced Incandescence (LII) as a Diagnostic for Soot Particulate Measurements,” Advanced Non-Intrusive Instrumentation for Propulsion Engines, AGARD Conference Proceedings 598, pp. 23-21 to 23-29.
McManus, K. R., Frank, J. H., Allen, M. G., and Rawlins, W. T., 1998, “Characterization of Laser-Heated Soot Particles Using Optical Pyrometry,” AIAA Paper No. 98-0159.
Will,  S., Schraml,  S., Bader,  K., and Leipertz,  A., 1998, “Performance Characteristics of Soot Primary Particle Size Measurements by Time-Resolved Laser-Induced Incandescence,” Appl. Opt., 37, pp. 5647–5658.
Snelling, D. R., Liu, F., Smallwood, G. J., and Gülder, Ö. L., 2000, “Evaluation of the Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer Model of the Laser-Induced Incandescence: Prediction of the Excitation Intensity,” Thirty Fourth National Heat Transfer Conference, NHTC2000-12132.
Schraml,  S., Dankers,  S., Bader,  K., Will,  S., and Leipertz,  A., 2000, “Soot Temperature Measurements and Implications for Time-Resolved Laser-Induced Incandescence (Tire-LII),” Combust. Flame, 120, pp. 439–450.
Leider,  H. R., Krikorian,  O. H., and Young,  D. A., 1973, “Thermodynamic Properties of Carbon up to the Critical Point,” Carbon, 11, pp. 555–563.
Kennard, E. H., 1938, Kinetic Theory of Gases, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, pp. 63–69.
Tsederburg, N. V., 1965, Thermal Conductivity of Gases and Liquids, The M.I.T Press, Cambridge, MA, p. 89.
Lee, S. C., and Tien, C. L., 1981, “Optical Constants of Soot in Hydrocarbon Flames,” Eighteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 1159–1166.
Chase, M. W., Jr., Davies, C. A., Downey, J. R., Jr., Frurip, D. J., McDonald, R. A., and Syverud, A. N., 1985, “JANAF Thermochemical Tables,” Third Edition, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 14 , Suppl. 1.
Ni,  T., Pinson,  J. A., Gupta,  S., and Santoro,  R. J., 1995, “Two-Dimensional Imaging of Soot Volume Fraction by the Use of Laser-Induced Incandescence,” Appl. Opt., 34, pp. 7083–7091.


Grahic Jump Location
Variation of the predicted and the experimental normalized prompt LII signals with laser fluence
Grahic Jump Location
Uncertainty analysis for specified thermal properties of soot: (a) refractive index dependent function; (b) mean molecular weight of soot vapor; (c) heat of vaporization; and (d) vapor pressure.
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of some evaporation model parameters and the thermal conductivity on the predicted soot particle size (a) and temperature (b). The temporal profile of the laser intensity is shown for reference.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In