Non-Equilibrium Phase Change in Metal Induced by Nanosecond Pulsed Laser Irradiation

[+] Author and Article Information
Xianfan Xu, David A. Willis

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Heat Transfer 124(2), 293-298 (Nov 16, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1445792 History: Received April 30, 2001; Revised November 16, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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Grahic Jump Location
(a) p-T Diagram and (b) typical variations of physical properties of liquid metal near the critical point. The substrate “o” denotes properties at the normal boiling temperature.
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Transient locations of the vapor front as a function of laser fluence; and (b) vapor velocity as a function of laser fluence.
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Transient transmissivity of vapor as a function of laser fluence
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Percent of laser energy scattered to the ambient as a function of laser fluence
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Ablation depth as a function of laser fluence
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Comparison between the Clausius-Clapeyron relation and the measured pressure at 0.9 Tc
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Comparison between the measured ablation depth and the values calculated using transient pressure data and the equilibrium kinetic relation
Grahic Jump Location
Onset of evaporation as a function of laser fluence determined from the transient location of the vapor front and from the transient transmissivity through the vapor



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