Thermal Processing of Materials: From Basic Research to Engineering

[+] Author and Article Information
Yogesh Jaluria

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08903

J. Heat Transfer 125(6), 957-979 (Nov 19, 2003) (23 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1621889 History: Received March 21, 2003; Revised June 12, 2003; Online November 19, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Jaluria, Y., 1998, Design and Optimization of Thermal Systems, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Kalpakjian, S., 1989, Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Szekely, J., 1979, Fluid Flow Phenomena in Metals Processing, Academic Press, New York.
Fenner, R. T., 1979, Principles of Polymer Processing, Chemical Publishing, New York.
Hughel, T. J., and Bolling, G. F., eds., 1971, Solidification, Amer. Soc. Metals, Metals Park, OH.
Li, T., Ed., 1985, Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 1: Fiber Fabrication, Academic Press, NY.
Poulikakos,  D., ed., 1996, “Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 18 .
Viskanta,  R., 1988, “Heat Transfer During Melting and Solidification of Metals,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 110, pp. 1205–1219.
Jaluria, Y., 1980, Natural Convection Heat and Mass Transfer, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK.
Gebhart, B., Jaluria, Y., Mahajan, R. L., and Sammakia, B., 1988, Buoyancy-Induced Flows and Transport, Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, PA.
Jaluria, Y., and Torrance, K. E., 2003, Computational Heat Transfer, 2nd ed., Taylor and Francis, New York, NY.
Ramachandran,  N., Gupta,  J. P., and Jaluria,  Y., 1982, “Thermal and Fluid Flow Effects During Solidification in a Rectangular Enclosure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 25, pp. 187–194.
Bennon,  W. D., and Incropera,  F. P., 1988, “Developing Laminar Mixed Convection With Solidification in a Vertical Channel,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 110, pp. 410–415.
Viswanath,  R., and Jaluria,  Y., 1993, “A Comparison of Different Solution Methodologies for Melting and Solidification Problems in Enclosures,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 24B, pp. 77–105.
Prescott,  P. J., and Incropera,  F. P., 1996, “Convection Heat and Mass Transfer in Alloy Solidification,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 28, pp. 231–338.
Harper, J. M., 1981, Extrusion of Foods: Volume I, CRD Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Kokini, J. L., Ho, C.-T., and Karwe, M. V., Eds., 1992, Food Extrusion Science and Technology, Marcel Dekker, New York.
Wang,  S. S., Chiang,  C. C., Yeh,  A. I., Zhao,  B., and Kim,  I. H., 1989, “Kinetics of Phase Transition of Waxy Corn Starch at Extrusion Temperatures and Moisture Contents,” J. Food. Sci., 54, pp. 1298–1301.
Jensen,  K. F., Einset,  E. O., and Fotiadis,  D. I., 1991, “Flow Phenomena in Chemical Vapor Deposition of Thin Films,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 23, pp. 197–232.
Mahajan,  R. L., 1996, “Transport Phenomena in Chemical Vapor-Deposition Systems,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 28, pp. 339–425.
Roy Choudhury,  S., Jaluria,  Y., and Lee,  S. H.-K., 1999, “Generation of Neck-Down Profile for Furnace Drawing of Optical Fiber,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 35, pp. 1–24.
Jaluria,  Y., 1992, “Transport From Continuously Moving Materials Undergoing Thermal Processing,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 4, pp. 187–245.
Siegel,  R., 1984, “Two-Region Analysis of Interface Shape in Continuous Casting With Superheated Liquid,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 106, pp. 506–511.
Roy Choudhury,  S., and Jaluria,  Y., 1994, “Analytical Solution for the Transient Temperature Distribution in a Moving Rod or Plate of Finite Length With Surface Heat Transfer,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 37, pp. 1193–1205.
Chiu,  W. K.-S., Jaluria,  Y., and Glumac,  N. C., 2000, “Numerical Simulation of Chemical Vapor Deposition Processes Under Variable and Constant Property Approximations,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 37, pp. 113–132.
Wang,  Q., Yoo,  H., and Jaluria,  Y., 2003, “Convection in a Horizontal Duct Under Constant and Variable Property Formulations,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 46, pp. 297–310.
Tadmor, Z., and Gogos, C., 1979, Principles of Polymer Processing, Wiley, New York.
Jaluria,  Y., 1996, “Heat and Mass Transfer in the Extrusion of Non-Newtonian Materials,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 28, pp. 145–230.
Karwe,  M. V., and Jaluria,  Y., 1990, “Numerical Simulation of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in a Single-Screw Extruder for Non-Newtonian Fluids,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 17, pp. 167–190.
Lee,  S. H.-K., and Jaluria,  Y., 1996, “Simulation of the Transport Processes in the Neck-Down Region of a Furnace Drawn Optical Fiber,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 40, pp. 843–856.
Sayles,  R., and Caswell,  B., 1984, “A Finite Element Analysis of the Upper Jet Region of a Fiber Drawing Flow Field,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 27, pp. 57–67.
Myers,  M. R., 1989, “A Model for Unsteady Analysis of Preform Drawing,” AIChE J., 35, pp. 592–602.
Jaluria,  Y., 1976, “Temperature Regulation of a Plastic-Insulated Wire in Radiant Heating,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 98, pp. 678–680.
Beckermann,  C., and Wang,  C. Y., 1995, “Multiphase Scale Modeling of Alloy Solidification,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 6, pp. 115–198.
Chiruvella,  R. V., Jaluria,  Y., and Karwe,  M. V., 1996, “Numerical Simulation of Extrusion Cooking of Starchy Materials,” J. Food. Eng., 30, pp. 449–467.
Hanafusa,  H., Hibino,  Y., and Yamamoto,  F., 1985, “Formation Mechanism of Drawing-Induced E’ Centers in Silica Optical Fibers,” J. Appl. Phys., 58(3), pp. 1356–1361.
Yin,  Z., and Jaluria,  Y., 2000, “Neck Down and Thermally Induced Defects in High Speed Optical Fiber Drawing,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 122, pp. 351–362.
Jaluria,  Y., 1984, “Numerical Study of the Thermal Processes in a Furnace,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 7, pp. 211–224.
Issa,  J., Yin,  Z., Polymeropoulos,  C. E., and Jaluria,  Y., 1996, “Temperature Distribution in an Optical Fiber Draw Tower Furnace,” J. Mater. Process. Manuf. Sci., 4, pp. 221–232.
Kwon,  T. H., Shen,  S. F., and Wang,  K. K., 1986, “Pressure Drop of Polymeric Melts in Conical Converging Flow: Experiments and Predictions,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 28, pp. 214–224.
Lin,  P., and Jaluria,  Y., 1997, “Conjugate Transport in Polymer Melt Flow Through Extrusion Dies,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 37, pp. 1582–1596.
Minkowycz, W. J., and Sparrow, E. M., eds., 1997, Advances in Numerical Heat Transfer, 1 , Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA.
Leonard, B. P., 1997, “Bounded Higher-Order Upwind Multidimensional Finite-Volume Convection-Diffusion Algorithms,” in Advances in Numerical Heat Transfer, W. J. Minkowycz and E. M. Sparrow, eds., 1 , Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 1–57.
Zhu,  W., and Jaluria,  Y., 2001, “Residence Time and Conversion in the Extrusion of Chemically Reactive Materials,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 41, pp. 1280–1291.
Wang,  Y., and White,  J. L., 1989, “Non-Newtonian Flow Modeling in the Screw Region of an Intermeshing Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extruder,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 32, pp. 19–38.
Sastrohartono,  T., Jaluria,  Y., and Karwe,  M. V., 1994, “Numerical Coupling of Multiple Region Simulations to Study Transport in a Twin Screw Extruder,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 25, pp. 541–557.
Chiruvella,  R. V., Jaluria,  Y., Karwe,  M. V., and Sernas,  V., 1996, “Transport in a Twin-Screw Extruder for the Processing of Polymers,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 36, pp. 1531–1540.
Yin,  Z., and Jaluria,  Y., 1997, “Zonal Method to Model Radiative Transport in an Optical Fiber Drawing Furnace,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 119, pp. 597–603.
Paek,  U. C., 1999, “Free Drawing and Polymer Coating of Silica Glass Optical Fibers,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121, pp. 775–788.
Cheng,  X., and Jaluria,  Y., 2002, “Effect of Draw Furnace Geometry on High-Speed Optical Fiber Manufacturing,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 41, pp. 757–781.
Blyler,  L. L., and DiMarcello,  F. V., 1980, “Fiber Drawing, Coating and Jacketing,” Proc. IEEE, 68, pp. 1194–1198.
Paek,  U. C., 1986, “High Speed High Strength Fiber Coating,” J. Lightwave Technol., LT-4, pp. 1048–1059.
Ravinutala, S., Rattan, K., Polymeropoulos, C., and Jaluria, Y., 2000, “Dynamic Menisci in a Pressurized Fiber Applicator,” Proc. 49th Int. Wire Cable Symp., Atlantic City, NJ, INCS, Inc., Eatontown, NJ.
Vaskopulos,  T., Polymeropoulos,  C. E., and Zebib,  A., 1995, “Cooling of Optical Fibers in Aiding and Opposing Forced Gas Flow,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 18, pp. 1933–1944.
Voller, V. R., 1997, “An Overview of Numerical Methods for Solving Phase Change Problems,” in Advances in Numerical Heat Transfer, W. J. Minkowycz and E. M. Sparrow, eds., 1 , Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 341–380.
Banaszek,  J., Jaluria,  Y., Kowalewski,  T. A., and Rebow,  M., 1999, “Semi-Implicit FEM Analysis of Natural Convection in Freezing Water,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 36, pp. 449–472.
Lin,  P., and Jaluria,  Y., 1997, “Heat Transfer and Solidification of Polymer Melt Flow in a Channel,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 37, pp. 1247–1258.
Fotiadis,  D. I., Boekholt,  M., Jensen,  K. F., and Richter,  W., 1990, “Flow and Heat Transfer in CVD Reactors: Comparison of Raman Temperature Measurements and Finite Element Model Predictions,” J. Cryst. Growth, 100, pp. 577–599.
Yoo,  H., and Jaluria,  Y., 2002, “Thermal Aspects in The Continuous Chemical Vapor Deposition of Silicon,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 124, pp. 938–946.
Eversteyn,  F. C., Severin,  P. J. W., Brekel,  C. H. J., and Peek,  H. L., 1970, “A Stagnant Layer Model for the Epitaxial Growth of Silicon From Silane in a Horizontal Reactor,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 117, pp. 925–931.
Mahajan,  R. L., and Wei,  C., 1991, “Buoyancy, Soret, Dufour and Variable Property Effects in Silicon Epitaxy,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 113, pp. 688–695.
Chiu,  W. K. S., Richards,  C. J., and Jaluria,  Y., 2001, “Experimental and Numerical Study of Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Channel Heated From Below,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 123, pp. 688–697.
Ostrach,  S., 1983, “Fluid Mechanics in Crystal Growth—The 1982 Freeman Scholar Lecture,” J. Fluids Eng., 105, pp. 5–20.
Prasad,  V., Zhang,  H., and Anselmo,  A. P., 1997, “Transport Phenomena in Czochralski Crystal Growth Processes,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 30, pp. 313–435.
Ostrach,  S., 1982, “Low-Gravity Fluid Flows,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 14, pp. 313–345.
Wang,  G. X., and Prasad,  V., 2000, “Rapid Solidification: Fundamentals and Modeling,” Annu. Rev. Heat Transfer, 11, pp. 207–297.
Delplanque,  J. P., and Rangel,  R. H., 1998, “A Comparison of Models, Numerical Simulation, and Experimental Results in Droplet Deposition Processes,” Acta Mater., 46, pp. 4925–4933.
Pasandideh-Fard,  M., Bhola,  R., Chandra,  S., and Mostaghimi,  J., 1998, “Deposition of Tin Droplets on a Steel Plate: Simulations and Experiments,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 41, pp. 2929–2945.
Roache, P. J., 1998, Verification and Validation in Computational Science and Engineering, Hermosa Publishers, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
De Vahl Davis, G., and Leonardi, E., eds., 2001, Advances in Computational Heat Transfer II, Begell House Pub., New York, NY.
Esseghir, M., and Sernas, V., 1992, “Experiments on a Single Screw Extruder With a Deep and Highly Curved Screw Channel,” in Food Extrusion Science and Technology, J. L. Kokini, C. T. Ho, and M. V. Karwe, eds., Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 21–40.
Sastrohartono,  T., Jaluria,  Y., Esseghir,  M., and Sernas,  V., 1995, “A Numerical and Experimental Study of Three-Dimensional Transport in the Channel of an Extruder for Polymeric Materials,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 38, pp. 1957–1973.
Sastrohartono,  T., Esseghir,  M., Kwon,  T. H., and Sernas,  V., 1990, “Numerical and Experimental Studies of the Flow in the Nip Region of a Partially Intermeshing Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extruder,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 30, pp. 1382–1398.
Bakalis,  S., and Karwe,  M. V., 1997, “Velocity Field in a Twin Screw Extruder,” Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 32, pp. 241–253.
Paek,  U. C., and Runk,  R. B., 1978, “Physical Behavior of the Neck-Down Region During Furnace Drawing of Silica Fibers,” J. Appl. Phys., 49, pp. 4417–4422.
Paek,  U. C., Schroeder,  C. M., and Kurkjian,  C. R., 1988, “Determination of the Viscosity of High Silica Glasses During Fibre Drawing,” Glass Technol., 29(4), pp. 263–266.
Wolff,  F., and Viskanta,  R., 1987, “Melting of a Pure Metal From a Vertical Wall,” Exp. Heat Transfer, 1, pp. 17–30.
Wolff,  F., and Viskanta,  R., 1988, “Solidification of a Pure Metal at a Vertical Wall in the Presence of Liquid Superheat,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 31, pp. 1735–1744.
Zhu,  W., and Jaluria,  Y., 2001, “Transport Processes and Feasible Operating Domain in a Twin-Screw Polymer Extruder,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 41, pp. 107–117.
Jongbloed,  H. A., Kiewiet,  J. A., Van Dijk,  J. H., and Janssen,  L. P. B. M., 1995, “The Self-Wiping Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruder as a Polymerization Reactor for Methacrylates,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 35, pp. 1569–1579.
Roy Choudhury,  S., and Jaluria,  Y., 1998, “Practical Aspects in the Thermal Transport During Optical Fiber Drawing,” J. Mater. Res., 13, pp. 483–493.
Cheng, X., and Jaluria, Y., 2003, “Feasible Domain of High Speed Optical Fiber Drawing,” Proc. ASME-JSME Thermal Engg. Jt. Conf., Hawaii, JSME, Tokyo, Japan.
Dianov,  E. M., Kashin,  V. V., Perminov,  S. M., Perminova,  V. N., Rusanov,  S. Y., and Sysoev,  V. K., 1988, “The Effect of Different Conditions on the Drawing of Fibers From Preforms,” Glass Technol., 29(6), pp. 258–262.
Ottino, J. M., 1997, The Kinematics of Mixing: Stretching, Chaos, and Transport, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.
Bejan, A., 1995, Entropy Generation Minimization, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Arora, J. S., 1989, Introduction to Optimum Design, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Stoecker, W. F., 1989, Design of Thermal Systems, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Chiu,  W. K. S., Jaluria,  Y., and Glumac,  N. G., 2002, “Control of Thin Film Growth in Chemical Vapor Deposition Manufacturing Systems,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 124, pp. 715–724.
Cheng, X., 2002, “Design and Optimization of the Draw Furnace for High Speed Optical Fiber Drawing,” Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ.
Suh, N. P., 1990, The Principles of Design, Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
Jaluria,  Y., and Lombardi,  D., 1991, “Use of Expert Systems in the Design of Thermal Equipment and Processes,” Res. Eng. Des., 2, pp. 239–253.
Jamalabad,  V. R., Langrana,  N. A., and Jaluria,  Y., 1994, “Rule-Based Design of a Materials Processing Component,” Eng. Comput., 10, pp. 81–94.
Viswanath, R., 1993, “Modeling, Simulation and Design of Solidification Systems,” Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ.
Viswanath,  R., and Jaluria,  Y., 1991, “Knowledge-Based System for the Computer Aided Design of Ingot Casting Processes,” Eng. Comput., 7, pp. 109–120.


Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the numerical predictions of (a) the neck-down profile and (b) the draw tension with experimental results from 7677
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between measured and predicted interface locations during (a) melting, and (b) solidification of pure tin from a vertical surface 7879
Grahic Jump Location
Feasible domain for twin-screw extrusion of starch
Grahic Jump Location
Results obtained from a feasibility study of the optical fiber drawing process: (a) different cases studied, showing both feasible and infeasible combinations of parameters; (b) “iso-tension” contours for the feasible range of fiber drawing; (c) feasible domain at a draw speed of 15 m/s in terms of furnace length and temperature
Grahic Jump Location
Evaluation of optimal draw temperature at a draw speed of 15 m/s and the optimal draw speed at a draw temperature of 2489.78 K, obtained in the first part, by using the golden-section search method
Grahic Jump Location
Different mathematical models for ingot casting: (a) Chvorinov model; (b) lumped mold model; and (c) semi-infinite model
Grahic Jump Location
Results for design of an ingot casting system, showing solid-liquid interface movement with time and switching to a more complex model after many design trials
Grahic Jump Location
Sketches of a few common manufacturing processes that involve thermal transport in the material being processed: (a) optical fiber drawing; (b) chemical vapor deposition; (c) Czochralski crystal growing; and (d) plastic screw extrusion.
Grahic Jump Location
Various steps involved in the design and optimization of a thermal system and in the implementation of the design
Grahic Jump Location
Screw channel and simplified computational domain for a single-screw extruder
Grahic Jump Location
Calculated velocity and temperature fields in the channel of a single screw extruder at n=0.5 and dimensionless throughput qv=0.3, for typical operating conditions
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram of the cross-section of a tangential twin screw extruder, showing the translation (T) and intermeshing, or mixing (M), regions
Grahic Jump Location
Mesh discretization for the mixing region in a co-rotating tangential twin screw extruder, along with typical computed results for low density polyethylene (LDPE) at n=0.48, barrel temperature, Tb=320°C, inlet temperature, Ti=220°C,N=60 rpm,qv=0.3
Grahic Jump Location
Calculated (a) streamfunction, (b) vorticity, (c) viscous dissipation, and (d) temperature contours in the optical fiber drawing process for typical drawing conditions
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Iterative convergence of the neck-down profile in optical fiber drawing; (b) results for different starting profiles. Here, r*=r/R and z*=z/L, where R is the preform radius, and L the furnace length.
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental and numerical results for water solidification driven by convection and conduction
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Flow in the ambient fluid due to a continuously moving material; (b) dimensionless velocity (u/Us) distribution in the fluid due to a vertically moving heated plate with aiding buoyancy effects
Grahic Jump Location
Comparisons between the numerical results on predicted film growth rate and the experimental data of 61
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between experimental observations and numerical predictions of streamlines at Re=9.48 and Re=29.7 for a ceramic susceptor
Grahic Jump Location
Comparisons between numerical and experimental results on temperature profiles for Viscasil-300M, with (a) and (c) from the three-dimensional (FEM) model and (b) and (d) from the two-dimensional (FDM) model. For (a) and (b): Ti=20.3°C,Tb=12.2°C,N=20. For (c) and (d): Ti=18.8°C,Tb=22.3°C,N=35.
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Experimental arrangement for velocity measurements in the flow of corn syrup in a twin-screw extruder; (b) comparison between calculated and measured tangential velocity Ux profiles for isothermal heavy corn syrup at 26.5°C, with mass flow rate of 6 kg/hr and screw speed of 30 rpm



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In