Heat Exchanger Design for the Process Industries

[+] Author and Article Information
Kenneth J. Bell

School of Chemical Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078-5021

J. Heat Transfer 126(6), 877-885 (Jan 26, 2005) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1833366 History: Received June 28, 2004; Revised October 06, 2004; Online January 26, 2005
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association, Inc., 1999, Standards, 8th ed., Tarrytown, New York.
Bell, K. J., 1970, Process Heat Transfer Class Notes, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.
Heat Exchanger Design Handbook-1998, (HEDH-1998), 1998, G. F. Hewitt, ed., Begell House, New York.
Tinker, T., 1951, “Shell Side Characteristics of Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers, Parts I, II, III,” Proceedings of the General Discussion on Heat Transfer, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, pp. 89–116.
Palen, J. W., and Taborek, J., 1969, “Solution of Shell Side Flow Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer by Stream Analysis Method,” CEP Symp. Ser., 65 (92), Heat Transfer—Philadelphia, pp. 53–63.
Bell,  K. J., and Bergelin,  O. P., 1957, “Flow Through Annular Orifices,” Trans. ASME, 79, pp. 593–603.
Bergelin, O. P., Colburn, A. P., and Hull, H. L., 1950, “Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop During Viscous Flow Across Unbaffled Tube Banks,” Bulletin No. 2, University of Delaware Engineering Experiment Station, Newark, Delaware.
Bergelin, O. P., Leighton, M. D., Lafferty, W. L., Jr., and Pigford, R. L., 1958, “Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop During Viscous and Turbulent Flow Across Baffled and Unbaffled Tube Banks,” Bulletin No. 4, University of Delaware Engineering Experiment Station, Newark, Delaware.
Bell, K. J., 1963, “Final Report of the Cooperative Research Program on Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers,” Bulletin No. 5, University of Delaware Engineering Experimental Station, Newark, Delaware.
Bell,  K. J., 1960, “Exchanger Design—Based on the Delaware Research Program,” Petro/Chem Engineer, October, pp. C-26–C-40c.
Prithiviraj,  M., and Andrews,  M. J., 1999, “Comparison of a Three-Dimensional Numerical Model With Existing Methods for Prediction of Flow in Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers,” Heat Transfer Eng., 20(2), pp. 15–19.
Kistler, S., 2004 (personal communication).
Lubicic, B., 2004 (personal communication).
Kral,  D., Stehlik,  P., Van Der Ploeg,  H. J., and Master,  B. I., 1996, “Helical Baffles in Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers, Part I: Experimental Verification,” Heat Transfer Eng., 17(1), pp. 93–101.
Taborek, J., 2004, “Pressure Drop to Heat Transfer Conversion in Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers With Disc-and-Donut Baffles,” paper presented at AICHE Spring Meeting, 2004, New Orleans, LA.
Nesta, J., and Bennett, C. A., 2004, “Mitigation of Fouling in Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers” (unpublished).
Bott, T. R., 1995, Fouling of Heat Exchangers, Elsevier, Amsterdam.


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Schematic of a typical shell-and-tube heat exchanger: TEMA AEL, with fixed tubesheets and channel heads with Removable covers. A: Tubes, B: Tubesheets, C: Shell, D: Tube-side channels and nozzles, E: Channel covers, F: Tube-side pass divider, G: Baffles (or tube supports) (see Ref. 2).
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Basic logical structure of the process heat exchanger design procedure
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The rating program: Core block of the heat exchanger design process
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Idealized diagram of shell-side flow streams (see Refs. 45)
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Schematic model of shell-side flow paths and resistances across one baffle space (see Ref. 5)
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Pressure drop error ratios for three shell-side rating methods (see Ref. 5). (Reproduced with permission. Copyright © 1969 AIChE.)
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Heat flux error ratios for three shell-side rating methods (see Ref. 5.) (Reproduced with permission. Copyright © 1969 AIChE.)
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Schematic diagram of the shell-side flow in a helically baffled heat exchanger (see Ref. 14). (Courtesy, ABB Lummus Heat Exchanger, Bloomfield, NJ.)
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Schematic diagram of a disk-and-donut heat exchanger (see Ref. 15)
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Diagram of two Twisted Tubes®, showing how tubes are mutually self-supporting. (Courtesy, Brown Fintube Co., Houston, TX.)
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Exploded diagram of a gasketed plate heat exchanger. (Reproduced with permission of Alfa Laval Inc.)



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