Technical Briefs

Developing Nonthermal-Equilibrium Convection in Porous Media With Negligible Fluid Conduction

[+] Author and Article Information
Nihad Dukhan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Detroit Mercy, 4001 W. McNichols Road, Detroit, MI 48221nihad.dukhan@udmercy.edu

J. Heat Transfer 131(1), 014501 (Oct 16, 2008) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2993540 History: Received November 02, 2007; Revised July 08, 2008; Published October 16, 2008

In certain contemporary technologies, porous media with high solid-phase conductivity are impregnated with low-conductivity fluids, e.g., metal and graphite foam cooled by air. For such cases, an approximate analytical model for the developing heat transfer inside a two-dimensional rectangular porous medium subjected to constant heat flux is presented. The model neglects conduction in the fluid and assumes plug flow. The resulting nonthermal-equilibrium equations are solved for the solid and fluid temperatures by separation of variables. The temperatures decay exponentially as the distance from the heated base increases. The effects of the Biot and Peclet numbers are presented. Fully developed heat-transfer conditions are achieved at an axial distance equal to five times the height of the porous medium, with a constant Nusselt number equal to 3.

Copyright © 2009 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1

Schematic of the heat-transfer problem

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Figure 2

Fluid temperature: (a) Bi=0.1 and (b) Bi=5

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Figure 3

Local Nusselt number as a function of axial location for Bi=15 and Pe=7.5

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 4

Local Nusselt number as a function of Peclet number for Bi=15 at X=1



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