Research Papers

Development of Boiling Type Cooling System Using Electrohydrodynamics Effect

[+] Author and Article Information
Ichiro Kano

Graduate School of Science and Engineering
Yamagata University,
4-3-16 Jonan, Yonezawa,
Yamagata 992-8510, Japan
e-mail: kano@yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp

Yuta Higuchi

Kitashiba Electric Co., Ltd,
9 Tennohara, Fukushima,
Fukushima 960-1292, Japan
e-mail: yuta.higuchi@kitashiba.toshiba.co.jp

Tadashi Chika

Graduate School of Science and Engineering,
Yamagata University,
4-3-16 Jonan, Yonezawa,
Yamagata 992-8510, Japan
e-mail: tht53130@st.yamagata-u.ac.jp

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received May 21, 2012; final manuscript received February 5, 2013; published online July 26, 2013. Guest Editors: G. P. “Bud” Peterson and Zhuomin Zhang.

J. Heat Transfer 135(9), 091301 (Jul 26, 2013) (8 pages) Paper No: HT-12-1235; doi: 10.1115/1.4024390 History: Received May 21, 2012; Revised February 05, 2013

This paper describes results from an experimental study of the effect of an electric field on nucleate boiling and the critical heat flux (CHF) in pool boiling at atmospheric pressure. A dielectric liquid of HFE-7100 (3 M Co.) was used as working fluid. A heating surface was polished with the surface roughness (Ra) of 0.05 μm. A microsized electrode, in which the slits were provided, was designed in order to generate non uniform high electric fields and to produce electrohydrodynamic (EHD) effects with the application of high voltages. The obtained results confirmed the enhancement of CHF since the EHD effects increased the CHF to 47 W/cm2 at the voltage of −1500 V, which was three times as much as CHF for the free convection boiling. From the observations of the behavior of bubbles over the electrode and of the boiling surface condition, the instability between the liquid and the vapor increased the heat flux, the heat transfer coefficient (HTC), and the CHF. The usual traveling wave on the bubble interface induced by the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability was modified by adding the EHD effects. The ratio of critical heat flux increase with and without the electric field was sufficiently predicted by the frequency ratio of liquid–vapor surface at the gap between the boiling surface and the electrode.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Zuber, N., 1958, “On the Stability of Boiling Heat Transfer,” Trans. ASME J. Heat Transfer, 80, pp. 711–720.
Stuetzer, M., 1959, “Ion Drag Pressure Generation,” J. Appl. Phys., 30(7), pp. 984–994. [CrossRef]
Pickard, W. F., 1963, “Ion-Drag Pumping. I. Theory,” J. Appl. Phys., 34(2), pp. 246–250. [CrossRef]
Pickard, W. F., 1963, “Ion-Drag Pumping. II. Experiment,” J. Appl. Phys., 34(2), pp. 251–258. [CrossRef]
HristovY., ZhaoD., KenningD. B. R., SeflaneK., and KarayiannisT. G., 2009, “A Study of Nucleate Boiling and Critical Heat Flux With EHD Enhancement,” Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 999–1017. [CrossRef]
Darabi, J., and Ekula, K., 2003, “Development of a Chip-Integrated Micro Cooling Device,” Microelectron. J., 34, pp. 1067–1074. [CrossRef]
Lamb, H., 1932, Hydrodynamics, 6th ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 373–375.
Atten, P., and Seyed-Yagoobi, J., 2003, “Electrohydrodynamically Induced Dielectric Liquid Flow Through Pure Conduction in Point/Plane Geometry,” IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., 10(1), pp. 27–36. [CrossRef]
Seyed-Yagoobi, J., 2005, “Electrohydrodynamic Pumping of Dielectric Liquids,” J. Electrostat., 63, pp. 861–869. [CrossRef]
Bockris, J. O. M., and Reddy, A. K. N., 2000, Modern Electro Chemistry Volume 2A, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, pp. 771–1033.
Kano, I., Takahashi, I., and Nishina, T., 2009, “Effects of Moisture Content in a Dielectric Liquid on Electrohydrodynamic Pumping,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 45(1), pp. 59–66. [CrossRef]
Kano, I., and Nishina, T., 2010, “Electrode Arrangement for Micro-Scale Electrohydrodynamic Pumping,” J. Fluid Sci. Technol., 5(2), pp. 123–134. [CrossRef]
Jones, T. B., 1995, Electromechanics of Particles, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Jones, T. B., Wang, K. L., and Yao, D. J., 2004, “Frequency-Dependent Electromechanics of Aqueous Liquid: Electrowetting and Dielectrophoresis,” Langmuir, 20, pp. 2813–2818. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Tong, L. S., and Tang, Y. S., 1997, Boiling Heart Transfer and Two-Phase Flow, 2nd ed., Taylor & Francis, London, p. 38.
Auracher, H., and Marquardt, W., 2004, “Heat Transfer Characteristics and Mechanisms Along Entire Boiling Curves Under Steady State and Transient Conditions,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 25, pp. 223–242. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

EHD conduction pumping [8,9]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Simple electrode device for measuring the electrostatic pressure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Electrostatic pressure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Conceptual geometries of the boiling enhancement

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of experimental facility

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Electrode geometry (All dimensions are in millimeter)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Boiling curve with increasing and decreasing heat flux without electrode

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Boiling curves with various electrode heights at E = 0 kV/mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

HTC with various electrode heights at E = 0 kV/mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Relationship between the heat flux and current as a function of wall superheat at H = 300 μm and E = −5 kV/mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Photographs of vapor bubbles behavior at H = 300 μm. (a) E = 0 kV/mm, wall superheat = 22.9 K, heat flux = 11.7 W/cm2 and HTC = 5133 W/(m2 K). (b) E = −5 kV/mm, wall superheat = 22.9 K, heat flux = 23.9 W/cm2 and HTC = 10411 W/(m2 K).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Boiling surface after a set of experiment at H = 300 μm and E = −5 kV/mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Boiling curves with various electrode heights at E = −5 kV/mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

HTC with various electrode heights at E = −5 kV/mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Photograph of ITO electrode setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Behavior of bubbles in slits

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Kelvin-Helmholtz instability configuration for EHD effect

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Enhancement of CHF by electric field



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In