Elenbaas,
W.
, 1942, “
Heat Dissipation of Parallel Plates by Free Convection,” Physica,
9(1), pp. 1–28.

[CrossRef]
Yovanovich,
M. M.
,
Teertstra,
P.
, and
Muzychka,
Y. S.
, 2001, “
Natural Convection Inside Vertical Isothermal Ducts of Constant Arbitrary Cross-Section,” AIAA Paper No. AIAA-2001-0368.

Karki,
K. C.
, and
Patankar,
S. V.
, 1987, “
Cooling of a Vertical Shrouded Fin Array by Natural Convection: A Numerical study,” ASME J. Heat Transfer,
109(3), pp. 671–676.

[CrossRef]
Ramakrishna,
K.
,
Rubin,
S. G.
, and
Khosla,
P. K.
, 1982, “
Laminar Natural Convection Along Vertical Square Ducts,” Numer. Heat Transfer,
5(1), pp. 59–79.

[CrossRef]
Ofi,
O.
, and
Hetherington,
H. J.
, 1977, “
Application of the Finite Element Method to Natural Convection Heat Transfer From the Open Vertical Channel,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer,
20(11), pp. 1195–1204.

[CrossRef]
Desrayaud,
G.
, and
Fichera,
A.
, 2002, “
Laminar Natural Convection in a Vertical Isothermal Channel With Symmetric Surface-Mounted Rectangular Ribs,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow,
23(4), pp. 519–529.

[CrossRef]
Davis,
L. P.
, and
Perona,
J. J.
, 1971, “
Development of Free Convection Flow of a Gas in a Heated Vertical Open Tube,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer.,
14, pp. 889–903.

[CrossRef]
Li,
B.
, and
Byon,
C.
, 2015, “
Experimental and Numerical Study on the Heat Sink With Radial Fins and a Concentric Ring Subject to Natural Convection,” Appl. Therm. Eng.,
90, pp. 345–351.

[CrossRef]
El-Ghnam,
R. I.
, 2015, “
Numerical Investigation of Natural Convection Heat Transfer Between Two Vertical Plates With Symmetric Heating,” Int. J. Therm. Technol.,
5(1), pp. 31–44.

Ahmadi,
M.
,
Bahrami,
M.
, and
Fakoor-Pakdaman,
M.
, 2014, “
Natural Convection From Vertical Parallel Plates: An Integral Method Solution,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer,
29(1), pp. 1–10.

Ostrach,
S.
, 1952, “
An Analysis of Laminar-Free-Convection Flow and Heat Transfer About a Flat Plate Parallel to the Direction of the Generating Body Force,” Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, Cleveland, OH, Report No. NACA TN 2635.

Ostrach,
S.
, 1982, “
Low-Gravity Fluid Flows,” Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech.,
14(1), pp. 313–345.

[CrossRef]
Bejan,
A.
, 2004, Convection Heat Transfer, 3rd ed.,
Wiley,
Hoboken, NJ.

Bejan,
A.
, 1987, “
The Basic Scales of Natural Convection Heat and Mass Transfer in Fluids and Fluid-Stratified Porous Media,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer,
14(2), pp. 107–123.

[CrossRef]
Thirumaleshwar,
M.
, 2006, Fundamentals of Heat & Mass Transfer,
Dorling Kindersley,
New Delhi, India.

Kays,
W.
,
Crawford,
M.
, and
Weigand,
B.
, 2005, Convective Heat and Mass Transfer,
McGraw-Hill,
New York.

Churchill,
S. W.
, and
Chu,
H. S.
, 1975, “
Correlating Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Free Convection From a Vertical Plate,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer,
18(11), pp. 1323–1329.

[CrossRef]
Boussinesq,
J.
, 1903, Theorie Analytique de la Chaleur Mise en Harmonie avec la Thermodynamique et avec la Theorie Mecaniquie de la Lumiere,
Gather-Villars,
Paris, France.

Frohlich,
J.
,
Laure,
P.
, and
Peyret,
R.
, 1992, “
Large Departures From Boussinesq Approximation in the Rayleigh—Benard Problem,” Phys. Fluids A,
4(7), pp. 1355–1372.

[CrossRef]
Becker,
R.
, and
Braack,
M.
, 2002, “
Solution of a Stationary Benchmark Problem for Natural Convection With Large Temperature Difference,” Int. J. Therm. Sci.,
41(5), pp. 428–439.

[CrossRef]
Chenoweth,
D. R.
, and
Paolucci,
S.
, 1986, “
Natural Convection in an Enclosed Vertical Air Layer With Large Horizontal Temperature Difference,” J. Fluid Mech.,
169, pp. 173–210.

[CrossRef]
Darbandi,
M.
, and
Hosseinizadeh,
S. F.
, 2007, “
Numerical Study of Natural Convection in Vertical Enclosures Using a Novel Non-Boussinesq Algorithm,” Num. Heat Trans., Part A,
52(9), pp. 849–873.

[CrossRef]
Graebel,
W. P.
, 1981, “
The Influence of Prandtl Number on Free Convection in a Rectangular Cavity,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer,
24(1), pp. 125–131.

[CrossRef]
Hung,
K.
, and
Cheng,
C.-H.
, 2002, “
Pressure Effects on Natural Convection for Non-Boussinesq Fluid in a Rectangular Enclosure,” Numer. Heat Transfer Part A,
41(5), pp. 515–528.

[CrossRef]
Pesso,
T.
, and
Piva,
S.
, 2009, “
Laminar Natural Convection in a Square Cavity: Low Prandtl Numbers and Large Density Differences,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer,
52, pp. 1036–1043.

[CrossRef]
Narendran,
N.
, and
Gu,
Y.
, 2005, “
Life of LED-Based White Light Sources,” IEEE/OSA J. Disp. Technol.,
1(1), pp. 167–171.

[CrossRef]
Gurrum,
S. P. S.
,
Suman,
S.
,
Shivesh,
K.
,
Joshi,
Y. K.
, and
Federov,
A. G.
, 2004, “
Thermal Issues in Next-Generation Integrated Circuits,” IEEE Trans. Device Mater. Reliab.,
4(4), pp. 709–714.

[CrossRef]
Kakac,
S.
, and
Yener,
Y.
, 1995, Convective Heat Transfer,
CRC Press,
Boca Raton, FL.

Launder,
B. E.
,
Reece,
G. J.
, and
Rodi,
W.
, 1975, “
Progress in the Development of a Reynolds-Stress Turbulence Closure,” J. Fluid Mech.,
68(3), pp. 537–566.

[CrossRef]
Durbin,
P. A.
, 1991, “
Near-Wall Turbulence Closure Modeling Without Damping Functions,” Theor. Comput. Fluid Dyn.,
3(1), pp. 1–13.

Durbin,
P. A.
, 1993, “
A Reynolds-Stress Model for Near-Wall Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech.,
249, pp. 465–498.

[CrossRef]
Durst,
F.
,
Ray,
S.
,
Uensal,
B.
, and
Bayoumi,
O. A.
, 2005, “
The Development Lengths of Laminar Pipe and Channel Flows,” ASME J. Fluids Eng.,
127(6), pp. 1154–1160.

[CrossRef]
Incropera,
F. P.
, and
Dewitt,
D. P.
, 1985, Introduction to Heat Transfer,
Wiley,
Hoboken, NJ.