Research Papers: Heat and Mass Transfer

Maximum Heat Transfer and Operating Temperature of Oscillating Heat Pipe

[+] Author and Article Information
Naoko Iwata

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency,
2-1-1, Sengen,
Tsukuba 305-8505,
Ibaraki, Japan
e-mail: iwata.naoko@jaxa.jp

Hiroyuki Ogawa

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency,
3-1-1, Yoshinodai,
Sagamihara 252-5210,
Kanagawa, Japan
e-mail: ogawa.hiroyuki@jaxa.jp

Yoshiro Miyazaki

7-6-13-608, Bunkyo 910-0017,
Fukui, Japan
e-mail: miyazfam@lapis.plala.or.jp

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received November 1, 2015; final manuscript received June 8, 2016; published online August 2, 2016. Editor: Portonovo S. Ayyaswamy.

J. Heat Transfer 138(12), 122002 (Aug 02, 2016) (5 pages) Paper No: HT-15-1685; doi: 10.1115/1.4034054 History: Received November 01, 2015; Revised June 08, 2016

It is reported that the operating temperature of an oscillating heat pipe (OHP) at an operating limit is not dependent on the ambient temperature but that the maximum heat transfer is dependent on this. In this study, using different ambient temperature conditions, a 15-turn OHP filled with HFC-134a as a working fluid was operated until it dries out. The maximum heat transfer was found to vary with changes in the ambient temperature, but the operating temperature at an operating limit, which depends on the filling ratio (FR) of the working fluid, was found to be constant. At the operating limit, the operating temperature decreased with an increase in the FR when the ratio was greater than 50 wt.%. Visualization experiments and calculations were used to confirm that there is an increase in the liquid volume in the OHP in accordance with an increase in the heat input and that ultimately the OHP fills with the liquid, resulting in the failure of OHP operation. In contrast, at the operating limit, when the FR was less than 50%, the operating temperature increased in line with an increase in the FR. In this case, it is assumed that the volume of liquid slugs decreases as the heat input increases, thus causing the OHP to dry out. This theory is explained using a P–V diagram of the working fluid in the OHP. The OHP thermodynamic cycle reaches a saturated liquid or vapor line before it reaches a critical point if a specified volume is shifted from the specified volume at the critical point. The optimum FR for maximum heat transfer is therefore decided by the void ratio at the critical point of the working fluid.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Akachi, H. , Polasek, F. , and Stulc, P. , 1996, “ Pulsating Heat Pipes,” 5th International Heat Pipe Symposium, pp. 208–217.
Akachi, H. , 1990, “ Structure of a Heat Pipe,” U.S. Patent No. 4,921,041.
Akachi, H. , 1993, “ Structure of Micro-Heat Pipe,” U.S. Patent No. 5,219,020.
Iwata, N. , Ogawa, H. , and Miyazaki, Y. , 2011, “ Temperature-Controllable Oscillating Heat Pipe,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 25(3), pp. 386–392. [CrossRef]
Charoensawan, P. , Khanekar, S. , Groll, M. , and Terdton, P. , 2003, “ Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes Part A: Parametric Experimental Investigations,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 23(16), pp. 2009–2020. [CrossRef]
Khandekar, S. , Dollinger, N. , and Groll, M. , 2003, “ Understanding Operational Regimes of Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes: An Experimental Study,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 23(6), pp. 707–719. [CrossRef]
Lin, L. , Ponnapan, R. , and Leland, J. , 2001, “ Experimental Investigation of Oscillating Heat Pipes,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 15(4), pp. 395–400. [CrossRef]
Zhang, Y. , and Faghri, A. , 2008, “ Advances and Unsolved Issues in Pulsating Heat Pipes,” Heat Transfer Eng., 29(1), pp. 20–44. [CrossRef]
JSME, 2009, JSME Data Book: Heat Transfer, 5th ed., The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese).
Nagasaki, T. , Sawada, Y. , Hojo, S. , and Ito, Y. , 2011, “ Study on Mechanism of Liquid Column Oscillation in Pulsating Heat Pipe,” 48th Japan Heat Transfer Symposium, Paper No. G113 (in Japanese).


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Maximum heat transfer

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

TH at operating limit

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

HFC-134a liquid density at saturation condition

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Liquid volume in OHP at operating limit

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Relation between TH and FR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Visualization experiment results (FR = 85 wt.%). Left: low heat input (16.0 W) and right: high heat input (32.4 W).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Visualization experiment results (FR = 39 wt.%). Left: low heat input (16.0 W) and right: high heat input (55.2 W).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

P–V diagram of the working fluid



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In