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research-article

ON IMPROVING FULL-COVERAGE EFFUSION COOLING EFFICIENCY BY VARYING COOLING ARRANGEMENTS AND WALL THICKNESS IN DOUBLE WALL COOLING APPLICATION.

[+] Author and Article Information
Weihong Li

Institute of Gas Turbine, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China; Systems, Power & Energy Research Division, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
liwh13@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

Xunfeng Lu

Institute of Gas Turbine, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
lxfxunfenglu@163.com

Xueying Li

Institute of Gas Turbine, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
li_xy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

Jing Ren

Institute of Gas Turbine, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
renj@tsinghua.edu.cn

Hongde Jiang

Institute of Gas Turbine, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
jianghd@tsinghua.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4042772 History: Received March 22, 2018; Revised January 27, 2019

Abstract

Overall cooling effectiveness was determined for a full-coverage effusion cooled surface which simulated a portion of a double wall cooling gas turbine blade. The overall cooling effectiveness was measured with high thermal-conductivity artificial marble using infra-red thermography. The Biot number of artificial marble was matched to real gas turbine blade conditions. Blowing ratio ranged from 0.5 to 2.5 with the density ratio of DR=1.5. A variation of cooling arrangements, including impingement-only, film cooling-only, film cooling with impingement and film cooling with impingement and pins, as well as forward/backward film injection, were employed to provide a systematic understanding on their contribution to improve cooling efficiency. Also investigated was the effect of reducing wall thickness. Local, laterally-averaged, and area-averaged overall cooling effectiveness were shown to illustrate the effects of cooling arrangements and wall thickness. Results showed that adding impingement and pins to film cooling, and decreasing wall thickness increase the cooling efficiency significantly. Also observed was that adopting backward injection for thin full-coverage effusion plate improves the cooling efficiency.

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