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Research Papers: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

J. Heat Transfer. 2018;140(9):091501-091501-10. doi:10.1115/1.4039397.

Heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of R-134a boiling in a chevron-patterned brazed plate heat exchanger (BPHE) are studied experimentally. With corrugated BPHE channels having hydraulic diameter of 3.4 mm and low refrigerant mass flux, boiling near the micro-macroscale transition is speculated. Heat exchanger performance is characterized with varying mass flux (30–50 kgm−2s−1), saturation pressure (675 kPa and 833 kPa), heat flux (0.8 and 2.5 kWm−2), and vapor quality (0.1–0.9). The two-phase refrigerant heat transfer coefficient increases with heat flux as often observed during nucleate boiling. It also weakly increases with saturation pressure and the associated lower latent heat during convective boiling; heat transfer is improved by the decreased liquid film thickness surrounding confined bubbles inside the narrow BPHE channels, which is the main characteristic of microscale boiling. As often observed in macroscale boiling, the inertial forces of the liquid and vapor phases cause an unsteady annular film, leading to premature partial dryout. The onset of dryout is accelerated at the lower saturation pressure, due to increased surface tension, another microscale-like characteristic. Higher surface tension retains liquid in sharp corners of the corrugated channel, leaving lateral surface areas of the wall dry. Two-phase pressure drop increases with mass flux and vapor quality, but with decreasing saturation pressure. Dryout decreases the friction factor due to the much lower viscosity of the gas phase in contact with the wall. Several semi-empirical transition criteria and correlations buttress the current analyses that the thermal-fluidic characteristics peculiar to BPHEs might be due to macro-microscale transition in boiling.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

Research Papers: Forced Convection

J. Heat Transfer. 2018;140(9):091701-091701-9. doi:10.1115/1.4039765.

The paper gives a comprehensive study on the space fractional boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a stretching sheet with variable thickness, and the variable magnetic field is applied. Novel governing equations with left and right Riemann–Liouville fractional derivatives subject to irregular region are formulated. By introducing new variables, the boundary conditions change as the traditional ones. Solutions of the governing equations are obtained numerically where the shifted Grünwald formulae are applied. Good agreement is obtained between the numerical solutions and exact solutions which are constructed by introducing new source items. Dynamic characteristics with the effects of involved parameters on the velocity and temperature distributions are shown and discussed by graphical illustrations. Results show that the velocity boundary layer is thicker for a larger fractional parameter or a smaller magnetic parameter, while the temperature boundary layer is thicker for a larger fractional parameter, a smaller exponent parameter, or a larger magnetic parameter. Moreover, it is thicker at a smaller y and thinner at a larger y for the velocity boundary layer with a larger exponent parameter while for the velocity and temperature boundary layers with a smaller weight coefficient.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

Technical Brief

J. Heat Transfer. 2018;140(9):094501-094501-8. doi:10.1115/1.4039554.

A vector–matrix differential equation is formulated using normal mode analysis from the governing equations of a three-dimensional anisotropic half space in presence of heat source and gravity. The corresponding solution is obtained with the help of eigenvalue approach. Numerical computations for displacement, thermal strain and stress component, temperature distribution are evaluated and presented graphically.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

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