While modern engine manufacturers devote significant efforts to the development of reliable and efficient machines, the introduction of novel, optimized components in the hot gas path represents a risky opportunity. Accurate experimental and numerical data are critical to assess the impact of new technologies on the harsh engine environment. The present study addresses the impact of a selection of high-performance rotor blade tips on the aerodynamic and heat flux field of a high pressure turbine (HPT) stage. A combined numerical and experimental approach is employed to characterize the interaction of the tip leakage flow with the rotor secondary flows and the casing heat transfer mechanisms for each individual tip geometry. The turbine stage is tested at engine-scaled conditions in the rotating turbine facility of the von Karman Institute. For the present study, the turbine rotor is operated in rainbow configuration to allow the simultaneous testing of multiple blade tip geometries. RANS simulations are employed to predict the aerodynamic and thermal field of the individual profiles using test-calibrated boundary conditions. Isothermal computations are performed at different wall temperatures to compute the tip-dependent adiabatic wall temperature and heat transfer coefficient. Low-order models are developed to represent the over-tip thermal field and the driving heat transfer mechanisms. The time-resolved outlet flow is characterized using a vortex tracking technique and high frequency aerodynamic measurements to identify the rotor secondary flow structures.